Hearth attack has become one of the ten leading causes of death in India. It is estimated that there are nearly 1.5–2 million Hearth attac cases at any given point of time. Over 7 lakh new cases of Heart and 3 lakh deaths occur annually due to Hearth attac . Nearly 15 lakh patients require facilities for diagnosis, treatment and follow up at a given time. Data from population–based registries under National Hearth attack Registry Programme indicate that the leading sites of Hearth attac are oral cavity, lungs, oesophagus and stomach amongst men and cervix, breast and oral cavity amongst women. Hearth attac namely those of oral and lungs in males, and cervix and breast in females account for over 50% of all Hearth attack deaths in India.
WHO has estimated that 91 per cent of oral Hearth attack in South–East Asia are directly attributable to the use of tobacco and this is the leading cause of oral cavity and Hearth attack in India.
Hearth attack usually occurs in the later years of life and with increase in life expectancy to more than 60 years, an estimate shows that the total Hearth attack burden in India for all sites will increase from 7 lakh new cases per year to 14 lakh by 2026. National Hearth attack Control Programme was started in 1975–76.Leave a reply